Working Moms

Erica YitzhakThe phrase “it takes a village to raise a child,” is no less true now than it was decades ago. Raising a family can be equal parts challenging and fulfilling, but where do you turn when the village is empty? Working mothers have to make due with an additional obstacle, though. Raising a family and pursuing a career; two jobs, one without compensation. But is there an unseen benefit that being a working mother can bring to the table? A recent Harvard study seems to think so.

Studies at Harvard Business school have uncovered an interesting trend between mothers who work, and their children. Surprisingly, daughters of working mothers are more likely to earn supervisor roles at their jobs. Additionally, they earn 6% more than the daughters of mothers who stayed home. Sons of working mothers spent an additional hour a week caring for members of the household, and 17 minutes more on chores. Coupled with a study conducted in 2010, children with working mothers displayed no worse academic or behavioral problems than kids with stay-at-home parents.

While never easy to leave your children at home, parents that work encourage children to instinctively rely on themselves for care, and teach them the importance of responsibility and timeliness. With the majority of American mothers working, this research conclusively shows not only a lack of detriment, but a hidden benefit to being a working mother. Demonstrating a positive outlook with hard work, determination and dedication instills an attitude in children that will follow them into their professional lives.

It’s never easy to leave your kids. Spending time at work can feel like a wedge, driving you apart from your children, and siphoning away what little time there is before they’re all grown up. Remember, you’re not robbing them of a mother, but reinforcing qualities that will last a lifetime. Be fearless in the pursuit of your families happiness. Someday, they will thank you for showing them what it means to put aside personal feelings, and do what needs to be done for the people you love.

Q&A About American Mothers

Erica Yitzak

American Moms are far different today than they were 100 years ago. Here are a few things that we know are different of today’s American mothers and how everything has changed over time.

1. What are American Mothers about?
In America, there are about 85 million mothers. Today, there are about a third of women from the ages 18-63 that have young children at home. In 1960, 52% did. Women are having children at a much later age than they used to. Today, the average age of a first time mother is 25.8 compared to 21.4 in 1970.

Another fact is that the marital status of mothers has changed as well. In 1960, nearly all mothers with young children were married, compared to the 7 in 10 statistic today.

2. How many kids do they have?
Women who are in their forties and nearing the end of their child-bearing years: 1/3 has had two children, 19% have either had one or three and about 10% have had four or more children.

American mothers today have on average 1.9 children, compared to the 3.7 children in 1960.

3. How do American moms spend their time?
Today, moms work far more hours outside home and spend less time on housework than they did fifty years ago. Moms actually spend more time with their children than 5 years ago, and about twice as much as today’s fathers do. Dads todays pend much more time on housework and child care than the average amounts of the past, but they haven’t yet caught up to moms.

4. How many moms are working?
About 71% of mothers with children younger than the age of 18 were in the labor force, compared to less than half in 1975. Interestingly enough, mothers are actually staying at home more since 1999.

Moms these days are actually providing more for their families than they ever have. About 2/3rds of these breadwinner mothers are single moms.

Americans today still have mixed views about he ideal situation for raising a family and work-life balance.

5. How do moms feel about the job they’re doing raising their kids?
Moms still feel that they do not spend enough time with their kids, even though the amount of time has significantly increased over the years. three quarters of moms give themselves high ratings on their parenting skills, as working mothers are particular likely to give themselves a good rating as well.

5 Steps Women Can Take to Overcome the Payment Gap

Erica Yitzhak

The gender pay gap statistics for 2015 are unquestionably better than 30 or 40 years ago but there is still a ways to go before things completely even out. By taking a number of proactive steps, you can give yourself the best probability of beating the odds. These 5 steps will not only help you get equal pay, but also help you monetarily surpass your male and female peers alike.

Here’s what you need to know:

Understand the Landscape: The first step you can take to beating the gender pay gap is to understand what you’re up against. The census data from 2014 shows that women earn $0.78 for every $1 that men earn. But certain fields and industries consistently pay women better than others do. Women financial specialists typically only make 66% of what men make while pharmacists and nurses make nearly 90% of what men do. There are other steps you can take to close the gap, but understanding the challenges you face in your industry is an important first step.

Negotiate Early: A Catalyst study in 2011 showed some startling results for new female hires. Only half of men and women have countered their most recent initial offer, but only 31% of women did on their very first offer out of grad school (compared to 50% of men). If you fail to negotiate your first offer, you’re unquestionably disadvantaging yourself over the course of your career. Every raise and every bonus will be smaller because you are starting from a smaller base. Although men and women could both do more to negotiate their salary, new female hires need to do more to more aggressively close the pay gap.

Speak Up: Most women aren’t aggressive enough in countering their initial offer and the same holds true for speaking up once you have the job. If you aren’t aggressive about asking for opportunities, you’re going to get noticed less often and you are going to advance at a much lower rate than your more confident go-getting peers.

Push for Promotions: Opportunities for advancement will not just fall into your lap. But you also don’t want to randomly ask for a promotion when the request isn’t appropriate. Be selective about the times you want to push for a promotion, be strategic about the audience you tell, and make sure to stick to the facts about how you’ve helped the company. Save the self-congratulations for when you’re away from the workplace.

Be an Active Employee: If you have a consistently open relationship with your manager, you are much more likely to be recognized for your accomplishments. Seeking feedback is also critical; you want to know what you’ve done well and what you can do better. If you strive to consistently improve and get feedback, you’ll accomplish better work and get noticed for it in the process!

Image courtesy of